vancomycin


vancomycin
n.
an antibiotic, derived from the bacterium Streptomyces orientalis, that is effective against most Gram-positive organisms (e.g. streptococci and staphylococci). Used for treating serious infections (including endocarditis and MRSA) due to strains that are resistant to other antibiotics, it is usually administered by intravenous infusion but given by mouth for pseudomembranous colitis (see Clostridium). It usually has a low toxicity but may cause deafness and blood disorders. Vancomycin and teicoplanin (a related drug with similar uses) are known as glycopeptide antibiotics.
Trade names:
Vancocin.

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vancomycin — Strukturformel …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vancomycin — См. Ванкомицин (Источник: «Словарь терминов микробиологии») …   Словарь микробиологии

  • vancomycin — vancomycin. См. ванкомицин. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Vancomycin — Drugbox IUPAC name = unable to be assigned width=300 CAS number=1404 90 6 ATC prefix=A07 ATC suffix=AA09 ATC supplemental=ATC|J01|XA01 PubChem=14969 DrugBank=APRD01287 C=66 | H=75 | Cl=2 | N=9 | O=24 molecular weight = 1449.3 g.mol 1… …   Wikipedia

  • Vancomycin — Van|co|my|cin [Kunstw. zu ↑ mycin], das; s: ein Glykopeptid Antibiotikum aus Streptomyces orientalis, MG 1449, das gegen Strepto , Staphylo u. Pneumokokken wirksam ist. * * * Vancomycin   [v , Kurzwort] das, s, von dem Strahlenpilz Streptomyces… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • vancomycin — noun Etymology: vanco (of unknown origin) + mycin Date: circa 1956 an antibiotic C66H75Cl2N9O24 derived from an actinomycete (Amycolatopsis orientalis syn. Streptomyces orientalis) that is effective against gram positive bacteria and is used… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • vancomycin — Complex glycopeptide antibiotic produced by actinomycetes. Inhibits peptidoglycan synthesis. Active against many Gram positive bacteria …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • vancomycin — /vang keuh muy sin, van /, n. Pharm. a bactericidal antibiotic, C66H75ClN9O24, produced by Streptomyces orientalis, used in the treatment of antibiotic associated colitis and endocarditis. [1956; vanco , of unexplained orig. + MYCIN] * * * …   Universalium

  • vancomycin — noun A glycopeptide antibiotic, produced by the actinomycete Amycolaptosis orientalis, used against Gram positive bacteria, especially staphylococci and enterococci …   Wiktionary

  • vancomycin — An antibiotic isolated from cultures of Nocardia orientalis, bactericidal and bacteriostatic against Gram positive organisms; available as the hydrochloride. * * * van·co·my·cin .vaŋ kə mīs ən n an antibiotic C66H75Cl2N9O24 derived from an… …   Medical dictionary